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Farmington Hills dentist explains bleeding gums


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Bleeding gums may not seem like a serious problem. At times, the condition may occur because of simply brushing too aggressively or a temporary irritation. However, bleeding gums may also indicate an underlying health concern such as gingivitis or periodontitis. Gum disease can have a significant impact on an individual's physical health over time.

Gum disease may develop without causing immediate alarm. Gingivitis, the milder form of the condition, may cause irritation or occasional bleeding when brushing because, as plaque builds up, bacteria spreads into the gums and inflames them. This may cause intermittent discomfort. However, if the bacteria continue to invade the healthy gum tissue, periodontitis may result.

Periodontitis can be a significant problem. The inner layer of gum tissue begins to pull away from the teeth and eventually creates pockets in which debris can collect, leading to infection. Plaque can then spread and grow under the gum line. Healthy gum tissues and bone can erode causing tooth loss and the weakening of support and foundation for surrounding teeth.

In additional to the obvious negative impact of tooth loss, gum disease is associated with other unpleasant symptoms, such as:

  • Bleeding gums after brushing or flossing
  • Irritation, swelling, and sensitivity
  • Chronic halitosis or a bad taste in the mouth
  • Receding gums, which can become visible
  • Loose teeth or shifting of teeth
  • Changes in the patient's bite, causing discomfort or difficulty with prosthetic devices, such as dentures
  • Pockets or pouches between the teeth and gums
Beyond the symptoms and subsequent consequences that gum disease may have on the teeth, smile, and oral health, gum disease has been linked to many other health conditions, either causing complications for patients with another diagnosis, or putting patients at a higher risk if they have other conditions. These links include:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Stroke
  • Osteoporosis
  • Respiratory disease
At Richard S. Bernstein, DDS, serving Farmington Hills, West Bloomfield, Walled Lake, Southfield, Bloomfield, and surrounding areas in Michigan, we believe in partnering with our patients in education, communication, and ultimately, prevention of oral health issues such as gum disease.

For more information about the concerns about gum disease, contact us today at 248.636.2100. Richard S. Bernstein, DDS, is located at 31158 Haggerty Road in Farmington Hills, Michigan.


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