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Michigan area dentist explains the causes for gum disease


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Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is a serious inflammatory condition that can result in severe, irreversible damage to the smile. Dr. Richard S. Bernstein of Michigan works with his patients to help them maintain healthy smiles and avoid the many causes of gum disease.

Several factors can contribute to the development of gum disease, and patients should be well aware of how their oral health habits can affect their risk for this condition. The primary reason patients develop gum disease is poor oral hygiene. The lack of care of the teeth and gums causes plaque, tartar, and bacteria to build up, which eats away at the enamel and grows in pockets between the gums and teeth to become an even bigger concern. Over time, the gum tissue shrinks, bone is lost, and the teeth become loose and fall out. At this point, the disease has become a serious condition and needs immediate attention from a dentist. In fact, the earlier the condition is diagnosed, the easier it is to maintain without patients experiencing any of the permanent effects of its damage.

Some patients may be at a higher risk for gum disease due to current medical conditions such as diabetes, or any disease that affects the immune system. Some patients with dramatic hormonal changes, such as pregnancy, may also want to speak to their dentist about how to maintain their oral health to keep this disease from developing. There are many causes for gum disease, so narrowing down the risk is the best way to get started in developing an oral health care plan.

Dr. Richard S. Bernstein does recommend that patients take a proactive approach to their oral health. Patients who brush and floss after every meal and visit their dentist twice a year greatly reduce their risk of developing gum disease. Letting dentists know about specific medical conditions, medications, and other concerns that may lead to a higher risk for gum disease is also a smart move and can help dentists take a more proactive approach to dental health and wellness with these patients.


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