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Farmington Hills dentist offers information on gingivitis and periodontitis


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Gum disease, as the name implies, is a serious health concern which may have implications and connections with other illnesses, such as diabetes, cardiac disease, stroke, and rheumatoid arthritis. Many people may think of gingivitis as a cause of bad breath, but as one of two types of gum disease, the condition, left untreated, may lead to signification complications such as gum recession and loss of teeth and bone.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are the two types of gum disease. Not all gingivitis develops into periodontitis, but the risks are high. Gingivitis typically begins with gum irritation caused by the growth of bacteria in plaque on the teeth. Gums may become inflamed and bleed.

If gingivitis is not controlled or treated, the condition may advance into periodontitis, in which the gums and bone recede from the teeth, creating pockets. As plaque grows beneath the gum line, infections of the gum or teeth may occur. As periodontitis continues, more bone and gum tissue is lost, eventually destroying the support for teeth, resulting in tooth loss.

Build-up of plaque is the main factor in gum disease. Other common causes include:

  • Smoking and tobacco use which impair gum tissue, may cause gums to recede, and reduce the body's ability to heal
  • Inadequate oral hygiene such as visiting the dentist regularly, brushing and flossing daily
  • Fluctuating hormones caused by menopause, pregnancy, and puberty
  • Other health conditions may make a person more susceptible to oral infections
  • Certain medications
  • Genetics
At Richard S. Bernstein, DDS, serving patients in Farmington Hills, Southfield, Walled Lake, West Bloomfield, and beyond, our dental team believes that, when it comes to gum disease, prevention is the best medicine!

Dr. Bernstein has been helping patients to achieve optimal oral health for thirty years. He believes that the most effective way to prevent gum disease is by maintaining a trusting relationship with a dental practice and scheduling cleanings and examinations once or twice a year, combined with a consistent at-home routine. With regular checkups, any potential problems can be detected and treated before they develop into more serious concerns.

Our friendly and professional team is ready to serve you and to help you discover your healthiest and happiest smile. Consultations and appointments may be requested online or by calling us today at 248.636.2100. Our office is located in Farmington Hills at 33158 Haggerty Road.


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